Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT) problems are among the most common health issues for which people visit doctors. These issues can range from allergies to severe problems, which are treated by an ENT specialist (otolaryngologist). Health experts atAMRI Hospitals, one of the best ENT hospitals in Kolkata, warn that these disorders can majorly impact your quality of life and hinder your day-to-day chores.
Some of the most common ENT disorders include:
Located at the back of your throat, tonsils prevent your body from infection. Tonsillitis is a medical condition caused when the tonsils become infected. It is characterised by enlargement and swelling of the tonsils. Tonsillitis is mainly caused due to bacterial and viral infections.
Ear infections are mainly caused due to bacterial or viral infections in the middle ear. Chronic ear infections can cause permanent damage to the middle and the inner ear. Mild pain or discomfort inside the ear, a feeling of pressure inside the ear, pus-like ear drainage and hearing loss are the common symptoms of ear infections. They are more common in small children.
Sinus infections are a result of infected, swollen and inflamed nasal cavities. Respiratory issues, headache, runny nose, sneezing and coughing, bad breath, pain around the eyes or across the bridge of the nose and toothaches are some of the most common symptoms of sinus infections. They are mainly caused due to the medical conditions like common cold, allergic rhinitis, small growths in the lining of the nose (known as nasal polyps) or a deviated septum, explain ENT specialists at AMRI Hospitals.
A serious sleep disorder, which occurs due to a brief cessation of breathing while the person is sleeping, is quite common in adults and children. This condition is caused due to enlarged tonsils or other structures in the nose and throat, having a shorter airway than usual and being overweight. Common symptoms include snoring, gasping during sleep, feeling of restlessness on waking up, headaches, fatigue, stress, having a dry or sore throat and waking up several times during the night. Sleep apnea is also linked to severe medical ailments like heart failure, depression, and other diseases.