It can be a sheer torture for you if the plants of your garden gets infected. All sorts of things are going through your mind, you are wondering will you be able to control it, confine it or will it spread to all parts of the garden.
One of the most important aspects of plant diseases is what some experts called The Triangle. There are three main characteristic of a disease. One is the plant (host), second is a bacteria (virus) and third are the environmental conditions (humidity, drought, winter etc.). If all these things coincide, only then there are plant diseases.
This article is not about garden diseases. It is about prevention. Like the old saying goes, the best defense is a good offence. Why sit around and wait for it to happen? Why not eliminate it even before it pops up?
Here are five easy and effective ways that you can keep a garden safe from diseases.
Examine plants rigorously when you buy them
The first and foremost step is to try and eliminate introducing the ideas to your garden. The best way to do that is to make sure you carefully examine all the plants before you buy them. It is very difficult to learn what a healthy plants looks like. Therefore it a good idea to study some books and magazines on what healthy plant should look like.
Having said that there are some very obvious indications if a plant is not healthy. You will find them in a good book about plants.
Make sure that the compost pile is fully decomposed
There are many materials in a compost pile. Not all of them decompose at the same rate. The pile decomposes at higher temperatures. Therefore it is a good idea to expose the compost to high temperatures. This practice also kills any extra pathogens.
The best bet is to give it some time for all the elements to become fully decomposed. It is a good idea to use compost excessively at the soil of sensitive plants.
Keep an eye on the bugs
If there are a lot of bugs and insects in your garden, you should watch out. Viruses often enter a plant’s system through some opening. Bug bites and insects provide this. When insects attack a plant, they leave gapes and wounds. And more often than not, these gapes and wounds are the ones that let diseases in.
Make sure you have insecticides sprays. Make sure your garden is not overpopulated with dangerous drugs.
Clean up in the fall
Since old leaves are weak, they easily get infected. The disease live off the weak leaves and then attack the new leaves. So it is important that you clean up the garden ‘debris’ in the fall – even if you live in a moderate climate.
This is a very important and easy way to prevent disease and also to eliminate the disease already present in your garden.
Apply the correct fertilizer
The wrong amount of fertilizer can burn roots and damage plants irreparably. The burnt roots create hindrance to absorb water. Therefore plants can more susceptible to various unpleasant things like drought, cold and heat.
A soil test will tell you about the nutrient levels in your soil. Therefore you can apply the correct amount of fertilizer without the risk of burning the plant’s roots.
Author bio: Nuur Hasan is a software developer, web developer and a technical writer with more than seven years of experience. He believes that sharing knowledge can do wonders and that is why he likes to blog. His other interests include politics and sports.